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The Gastronomy of Salamanca

The gastronomy of Salamanca is an important part of the local culture. Fresh or cured meats such as lamb, goat, and beef are the base for many of Salamanca's traditional dishes. This is largely due to it's inland location and cold, dry climate. Dry, cured ham, lomo, chorizo, and salchichon are of excellent quality and well-known throughout Spain. Aged cheeses made from sheep's milk and legumes also form part of Salamanca's traditional and popular cuisine.

Meals using fish as the main ingredient are popular throughout the entire province and include a variety of fresh water fish such as trout, tenca, a small river fish unique to the Iberian peninsula, fish prepared in a garlic, olive oil, and vinegar marinade called peces escabechados, crayfish, and even frog legs. Salamanca is also known for unique sweets and pastries. For example, it is hard to resist a taste of the turrón from 'La Alberca'. Turrón is a holiday sweet made of almonds and other ingredients like honey. Other local favorites include round, thin, wafers called obleas, and small, fried donuts topped with glaze or sprinkled with sugar called rosquillas. Castañas or roasted chestnuts are also available during the holiday season. Don't be surprised to find a number of street vendors roasting chestnuts around Christmas time.

Situated in what is known as the Campo Charro, Salamanca is the land of pork and beef. This Spanish province is surrounded by open fields where Iberian pigs and Lidia bulls as well as other livestock are raised by local farmers.
One of Salamanca's finest beef products is specifically called Morucha beef and boasts a quality seal known in Spanish as the Denominación de Origen. This particular brand of beef is the main ingredient in a variety of traditional stews. The calderillo bejarano is a tasty beef steak and potato dish garnished with paprika and guindilla, a type of hot pepper. 
Pork products originating from this area are known to be some of the finest in Spain. Guijuelo ham is among the very best and has been recognized as such by the Denominación de Origen seal of quality.

Other top quality products include lomo ibérico or pork loin, chorizo, and salchichon. Each of them has it's own unique flavor and are considered among  the most prestigious in their category. The flavors are achieved through a special curing method made possible because of the local climate.
Salamanca is a province of a variety of landscapes.

Grains grow in the flats of the northeastern section. This is also where farmers cultivate the well-known "Armuña" lentils. (These lentils are of excellent quality and hold a Denominación de Origen quality seal). 

The Arribes del Duero, located in the northwestern section of the province, is land suited best for raising the cattle and sheep used in local beef and cheese production. Hinojosa de Duero is probably the most commonly known cheeses produced in this area.

The mid-western section is home to the Campo Charro. These vast meadows are where Lidia bulls and Iberian pigs are raised. The majority of the beef and meat products made here are of the finest quality. However, surprisingly enough there are meats considered to be of a lesser quality. The locals will tell you, however, that when prepared with fried eggs or baked can be quite tasty.  In fact, in Ciudad Rodrigo it is a local custom to eat this for "brunch". The meal provides locals with enough energy to make it through the entire day.

To the south of the province, better known as the mountainous area, the air is dry and cold. This provides the perfect climate to carry out the special meat curing process, that allows the meat to obtain it's unique flavor. In addition, a variety of agricultural products can be found in the mountain valleys including olives and cherries. These, as well as other quality products are sold throughout Spain and internationally.

There are so many different terrains and landscapes found in Salamanca it is no wonder that this province has such a varied gastronomy.


Escuela Internacional Central Registration Office
C/ Talamanca, 10, 28807 Alcala de Henares (Madrid), España
Teléfono: +34 91 883 12 64, Fax: +34 91 883 13 01
e-mail: info@escuelai.com

Cities in Spain
Salamanca - a walk
Shopping Salamanca
Nightlife - Malaga
Places to go - Alcalá
Excursion - Segovia
Excursion - Siguenza
Trip to Matavenero
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Semana Cervantina
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April Fair-Sevilla
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Picasso Museum
Flamenco in Malaga
Cervantes in Alcalá